The tall houses of the Croix-Rousse district were built to
accommodate Jaquard looms when Lyon was a world center of silk manufacturing.
(In 1850, some 90,000 residents of Lyon were connected to the silk trade.) The
district played an important role in the history of Socialism, thanks to the
revolt of the Canuts or silk workers in 1831 and 1834.
Breeding of silkworms ended during World War II, but a small
number of workshops continue to create high-quality silk goods that range from
scarves to tapestries and upholstery fabrics for historic palaces and museums.