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Day trips from Madrid
If you're spending more than a few days in Madrid, consider one or more excursions to nearby cities and monuments. Most are easy to reach by train, bus, car, or organized tour.
ToledoWeb . (Tip: Although you can see Toledo's most popular sites in a few hours, you'll get more out of your visit if you stay a night or two.)(see photo above) is only 50 km or 31 miles from Madrid. The city was Spain's capital for five centuries (spread over two millennia) and is packed with Christian, Jewish, and Moorish monuments. Don't miss the Cathedral (one of the world's largest) and the Alcázar, a hilltop fortress that was restored after enduring a 70-day siege in the Spanish Civil War. For more information, including transportation tips, visit the city government's bilingual
Provincia di Segovia tourism site has information in English, Spanish, and French.is a bit farther away (88 km, 55 miles) but is easy enough to reach by bus, train, or car. The city is surrounded by mountains, and it's famous for its Roman aqueduct, Gothic cathedral, medieval old town, and traditional Castilian cuisine. (Try to come during the week, since Madrileños flock to Segovia on weekends.) The official
, the palace and monastery built by Philip II, is only 40 km (25 miles) from Madrid. The vast 16th Century building occupies a dramatic site site near the mountains, and it's well worth a visit even if royal palaces normally leave you cold. (Philip II's private apartments, and especially his bedroom, are surprisingly austere.)
Nearby, the(Valley of the Fallen) is a monument to victims of the Spanish Civil War. It includes a basilica that was hewn out of the rock by prisoners of General Franco's winning side. Some 40,000 dead soldiers (both Nationalists and Republicans) are hidden behind the mausoleum's walls.
The royal palace and hunting lodge of, where General Franco lived, is still used to entertain visiting VIPs, while the royal summer palace of (inset photo) was a hunting lodge in earlier times. The latter's riverside gardens are lovely in nice weather, and the neighboring town of Chinchón scores high on the "picturesque" scale.
For more information on El Escorial, Valle de las Caídos, El Pardo, and Aranjuez, see the relevant sections of Spain's national heritage site, Patrimonionacional.es.
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Toledo photo copyright © Alexandru Teodorescu.
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