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Introducing Venice

An orientation for first-time visitors

Also see: Venice Orientation Map

Venice aerial view

ABOVE: An aerial view of Venice, Italy. The Adriatic Sea is on the left, with the Venetian Lagoon and Venice's historic center to the right of the long, narrow Lido di Venezia. See our Orientation Map for a closer view.

Are you planning your first trip to Venice, Italy? If so, this three-page introductory guide will make your task easier.

Basic geography

As you can see from the Google satellite map below, Venice is an island city: The centro storico or historic center is a tightly-integrated cluster of 118 small islands that are linked by more than 400 footbridges. (Every time you cross a canal, you're stepping onto another island.)

The entire city center covers only about 1,800 acres or 725 hectares, which is a little more than twice the size of New York's Central Park or London's Hampstead Heath.

Ponte della LibertaIn the satellite map above, the centro storico or historic center of Venice is connected to the mainland suburb of Mestre by the Ponte della Libertà, a long causeway that was built early in the 19th Century.

Venezia Santa Lucia railroad stationThe causeway carries road traffic to Venice's Piazzale Roma and the parking island of Tronchetto. Train tracks run alongside the roadway and end at the Venezia Santa Lucia railroad station, which is visible as a grey spot where the road curves toward Tronchetto.

The red marker shows the location of the Rialto Bridge, which is the historic hub of central Venice. (To get rid of the white "Rialto Bridge" label, click anywhere else on the map.)

If you zoom out by pressing the "-" button twice, you'll  see Venice Marco Polo Airport near the top of the photo, about 6 km or 4 miles from the city center.

San Michele island cemeteryImportant islands near the historic center are La Giudecca (separated from the centro storico by the Giudecca Canal, which is used by cruise ships), San Michele (Venice's island cemetery), and the glassmaking island of Murano.

To the right or east of the historic center is the Lido di Venezia, a long, narrow strip of land that separates the Venetian Lagoon (which surrounds Venice) from the Adriatic Sea. Cruise ships and ferries enter and exit the lagoon via the Porto di Lido, a gap between the Lido and the suburb of Punta Sabbioni.

Next page: Picking the right hotel location


In this article:
Introducing Venice: Basic geography
Picking the right hotel location
Arriving and getting around

Don't miss:
arrow Main Menu
arrow Where to stay in Venice and Mestre
arrow Transportation
arrow Sightseeing
arrow Venice Q&A
arrow Top 11 Tourist Mistakes
arrow Top 11 Free Sights
arrow Venice Cruise Port